Last modified on 22 August 2014, at 19:41

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
牙-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 92 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一女木竹 (MVDH), four-corner 10240)

  1. tooth
    1. canine
    2. incisor
    3. premolar
    4. molar
  2. fang
  3. tusk
  4. serrated

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 695, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19909
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1108, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1419, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+7259

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (牙), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 五加切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɣa/ /ŋa/ /ŋa/ /ŋɯa/ /ŋaɨ/ /ŋa/ /ŋa/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ngæ › /*m-ɢˁ‹r›a/ tooth
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14177 0 /*ŋraː/

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. tusk, fang

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshū.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ki)

  1. (obsolete) fang, tusk, tooth (particularly the canine)
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 9, poem #1809); text here
      喫建怒而
      かみたけびて
      ki kami takebite
      ferociously gnashing teeth
Usage notesEdit

Although this term is no longer used in isolation, it does persist in certain compounds.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Compound of Old Japanese elements (ki, fang, tusk) +‎ (ha, tooth).[2] The ha changes to ba due to rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana きば, romaji kiba)

  1. fang, tusk, tooth (particularly the canines)
  2. (falconry) dog (primarily used for counting hunting dogs)
Usage notesEdit

This is the most common term for fang in modern Japanese.

Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Cognate with, and probably the noun derivation of, verb 黴びる (kabiru, to go moldy), from the root idea of something sprouting.[2] Used in the Kojiki.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かび, romaji kabi)

  1. (obsolete) a plant sprout, a plant bud
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Non-standard alternate spelling for (ha, tooth).[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ha)

  1. Alternative spelling of : tooth

Etymology 5Edit

From Middle Chinese (ngæ). Compare modern Min Nan (ge5).

The goon reading, so probably the reading as first imported into Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ge)

  1. an animal's fang or tusk
  2. an elephant's tusk: ivory
  3. a tooth
Usage notesEdit

The tooth meaning is much more commonly expressed using the word (ha).

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

From Middle Chinese (ngæ). Compare modern Cantonese (ngaa4).

The kan'on reading, so probably a later importation.

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(hiragana , romaji ga)

  1. an animal's fang or tusk
  2. an elephant's tusk: ivory
  3. a tooth
Usage notesEdit

The ga reading is only used in compounds, and is never used in isolation.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(a) (hangeul , revised a, McCune-Reischauer a, Yale a)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*nga)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nha, hữu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.