Last modified on 8 February 2015, at 00:30

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Jade pendants with the phonetic jin below

Han characterEdit

(radical 96 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一土人戈弓 (MGOIN), four-corner 11207, composition)

  1. guqin (Chinese seven-stringed zither, historical and original usage)
  2. piano (modern usage, most commonly used meaning)
  3. zither
  4. string instrument (can apply to zithers or lutes)
  5. musical instrument (for example, 手风琴 [accordion])

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 735, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21079
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1147, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1119, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7434

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (琴), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 侵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 巨金切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɪm/ /gi̯əm/ /ɡiəm/ /ɡim/ /gim/ /ɡĭĕm/ /ɡjem/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qín ‹ gim › /*[C.ɢ](r)[ə]m/ lute

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6605 1 /*ɡrɯm/

NounEdit

  1. zither
  2. a stringed instrument

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  1. ^ Myanmar-English Dictionary (1993, Myanmar Language Commission; republished 1996, Dunwoody Press)

JapaneseEdit

Wikipedia

NounEdit

(hiragana こと, romaji koto)

  1. Japanese zither/harp; koto

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(geum) (hangeul , revised geum, McCune-Reischauer kŭm, Yale kum)

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CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cầm)

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