See also: , , , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
白-order.gif
Stroke order
白-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – originally an acorn. The character acquired its current meaning of white from the color of the acorn’s flesh. The original meaning has been lost. (Compare – originally “nose”, now “self”.)

白 白 白 白
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 106 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹日 (HA), four-corner 26000)

  1. white
  2. pure, unblemished
  3. bright
  4. used as a surname

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 785, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22678
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1196, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2642, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+767D

CantoneseEdit

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping baak6, Yale baak6)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ pha̍k, Guangdong p'ak8, Hagfa Pinyim pag6, ped6)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (しろ): IPA(key): /ɕi.ꜜɾo/

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana しろ, romaji shiro)

  1. white
  2. a white go stone
  3. innocence

NounEdit

(hiragana しら, romaji shira)

  1. white, Old Japanese pronunciation, now only seen in compounds

Derived termsEdit

  • 白髪 (しらが, shiraga): white hair
  • 白鳥 (しらとり, shiratori): swan
  • 白羽 (しらは, shiraha): white feather
  • 白地 (しらじ, shiraji): white background
  • 白樺 (しらかば, shirakaba): Japanese white birch
  • 白木 (しらき, shiraki): plain wood, unfinished woodwork
  • 白雪 (しらゆき, shirayuki): white snow
  • 白旗 (しらはた, shirahata): white flag
  • 白浜 (しらはま, shirahama): white sandy beach
  • 白壁 (しらかべ, shirakabe): white plaster wall
  • 白子 (しらこ, shirako): soft roe, milt
  • 白百合 (しらゆり, shirayuri): white lily
  • 白糸 (しらいと, shiraito): white thread
  • 白菊 (しらぎく, shiragiku): white chrysanthemum
  • 白鷺 (しらさぎ, shirasagi): generic name for herons with all-white plumage (inc. egrets)
  • 白州,白洲, 白沙 (しらす, shirasu): bar of white sand
  • 白梅 (しらうめ, shiraume): white plum blossoms;  white Japanese apricot;  white-blossomed plum
  • 白む (しらむ, to grow light;  to become white;  to turn grey (gray)):
  • 白雲 (しらくも, shirakumo): white clouds
  • 白玉 (しらたま, shiratama): white gem (e.g. pearl)
  • 白玉椿 (しらたまつばき, shiratamatsubaki): common camelia
  • 白ける (しらける, shirakeru):
  • 白子干し (しらすぼし, shirasuboshi): dried young sardines
  • 白刃 (しらは, shiraha): drawn sword, naked sword
  • 白滝 (しらたき, shirataki): sheet-like waterfall
  • 白茶ける (しらちゃける, shirachakeru): to fade,  to discolor
  • 白々しい (しらじらしい, shirajirashii): pure-white, very clear
  • 白魚 (しらうお, shirauo): icefish
  • 白帆 (しらほ, shiraho): white sail
  • 白露 (しらつゆ, shiratsuyu): glistening dew
  • 白砂 (しらすな, shirasuna): white sand
  • 白太 (しらた, shirata): sapwood
  • 白癩 (しらはたけ, shirahatake): vitiligo
  • 白絹 (しらぎぬ, shiraginu): white silk

Related termsEdit

  • 白い(しろい, shiroi) (Adjective form)
  • しらを切る(しらをきる, shirawokiru)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(baek)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: baek, McCune-Reischauer: paek, Yale: payk)
  • Name (hangeul): 희다 (revised: huida, McCune-Reischauer: hŭida, Yale: huyta)

See alsoEdit


MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin bái (bai2), (bo2), Wade-Giles pai2, po2)

AdjectiveEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin bái)

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) white
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) clear; pure; plain; blank

AdverbEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin bái)

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) in vain

Usage notesEdit

  • The reading is almost never used in spoken Mandarin. The most well-known usage of is in the name of a leading Tang dynasty poet Lǐ Bó (李白) (now commonly pronounced Lǐ Bái); this reading is decreasingly common in China.

CompoundsEdit

  • 白茶: white tea; (rare) plain hot water as a beverage
  • 白吃饭: to take advantage without giving something in return
  • 白蛋白: albumin
  • 白鬼: derogatory term for a white (Caucasian) person
  • 白圭
  • 白话: vernacular Chinese
  • 白嫩
  • 白人: (literally) white person; member of the white or Caucasian race
  • 白天: daytime, in the daylight
  • 白日梦: daydream
  • 白费: to do something in vain; for nought
  • 白水: plain (hot) water
  • 白蚁
  • 白银: silver (Ag)
  • 白夜: midnight sun (polar regions)
  • 清白
  • 一青二白: a Chinese dish made with tofu and scallions, served as appetizer; usually used to describe things that are very clear, no repeat is required.
  • 漂白 (piǎo bái)
    • 漂白剂
  • 泛白
  • 明白

Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*bhæk)


Min NanEdit

simpl. and trad.

HanziEdit

(POJ pe̍k (pek8), pe̍h (peh8), TLPA pi̍k (pik8), pe̍h (peh8))

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

(traditional and simplified, POJ pe̍h)

  1. white

AdjectiveEdit

(traditional and simplified, POJ pe̍k)

  1. used abstractly in compound words to convey the sense of transparent, unobscured or understandable

Usage notesEdit

  • Read as pe̍h when by itself, and in most compounds. There are only a few compounds in which the pe̍k reading is used.

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

白 (bạch, bạc)

AdjectiveEdit

  1. white
Last modified on 13 April 2014, at 17:49