百姓

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: S

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese 百姓. Compare modern Mandarin 百姓 (bǎixìng).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

百姓 (hiragana ひゃくしょう, historical hiragana ひゃくしゃう, romaji hyakushō)

  1. commoners, the common people; the masses; ordinary citizens
  2. a farmer; a peasant; the peasantry in general
  3. in reference to the Edo Period, short for 本百姓 (honbyakushō, the hundred commoner families, a class of farmers with specific rights and responsibilities)
  4. country bumpkin
SynonymsEdit
  • (commoner): 公民 (こうみん, ​kōmin)
  • (the people): 大御宝 (おおみたから, ​ōmitakara)
  • (ordinary citizens): 人民 (じんみん, ​jinmin)
  • (peasant): 農民 (のうみん, ​nōmin)
  • (bumpkin): 田舎者 (いなかもの, ​inakamono)
IdiomsEdit
Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

百姓 + する (hiragana ひゃくしょうする, historical hiragana ひゃくしゃうする, romaji hyakushō suru)

  1. to farm, to till the fields
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kan'on reading of both characters, influenced by later borrowing from Middle Chinese.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

百姓 (hiragana はくせい, romaji hakusei)

  1. (rare) See under Etymology 1

Etymology 3Edit

Kan'on reading of the second character, influenced by later borrowing from Middle Chinese.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

百姓 (hiragana ひゃくせい, romaji hyakusei)

  1. (rare) See under Etymology 1

Etymology 4Edit

Non-palatalized variant of hyakushō reading, commonly found in writings from the Heian period through the Muromachi period.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

百姓 (hiragana ひゃくそう, historical hiragana ひゃくさう, romaji hyakusō)

  1. (obsolete) See under Etymology 1

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin bǎixìng
Zhuyin ㄅㄞˇ ㄒㄧㄥˋ
IPA (key) /paɪ̯²¹⁴⁻²¹¹ ɕiŋ⁵¹/

NounEdit

百姓 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin bǎixìng)

  1. the common people; the masses; ordinary citizens

SynonymsEdit

Proper nounEdit

百姓 (traditional and simplified)

  1. The actual list of the common Chinese surnames recorded in the Baijiaxing and other works

SynonymsEdit

Last modified on 17 April 2014, at 06:35