Last modified on 17 September 2014, at 12:15
See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic .

Han characterEdit

(radical 112 +7, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一口一中大 (MRMLK), four-corner 11646, composition)

  1. hard, firm, strong
  2. obstinate

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 831, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24230
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1247, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2432, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+786C

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (硬), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 耕
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 五爭切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɣɛŋH/ /ŋæŋH/ /ŋɛŋH/ /ŋɯæŋH/ /ŋəɨjŋH/ /ŋæŋH/ /ŋɐŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
880 0 /*ŋɡraːŋs/ 見傷寒論
881 0 /*ŋɡraːŋs/ 同鞕,王韻五孟反

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng, Yale kyeng)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngạnh)

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