TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (altar) + phonetic  (praying man) – praying before an altar.

Han characterEdit

(radical 113 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 戈火中田中 (IFLWL), four-corner 35206, composition)

NounEdit

  1. spirit, god, supernatural being

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 842, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24673
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1261, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2392, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+795E

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Yale san4)

  1. god, supernatural (spiritual) deity

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

/kami2/ *[kamɨ] → /kami/ [kami]

From Old Japanese. Not related to (/kami1/, up) or (/kami1/, hair). Often appears in compounds as /kamu/ (modern /kaɴ/), indicating that /kami/ is a bound or fused form deriving from */kamu.i/. Note that this final i may be the Old Japanese emphatic nominative particle (i), likely cognate with Korean nominative particle (i). Such fusion has occurred in other Japanese terms, such as (me, eye, from ma + i) or (sake, saké, liquor, from saka + i).

Compare Ainu カムイ (kamuy, god), also present in compounds like カムイモシㇼ (kamuy mosir, land of the gods).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かみ, romaji kami)

  1. god
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 85)
      Cami. カミ (神) 日本のゼンチヨ (gentios 異教徒)が尊崇する神(Cami).
  2. spirit (compare 精霊 spirit)
  3. thunder (compare thunder)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Japanese. Cognate with (mi, honorific prefix, originally used to refer to gods and other high-status things).

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji mi)

  1. spirit, god
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit
  • 海神 (わたつみ, wata tsu mi): god or spirit of the sea
  • 山祇 (やまつみ, yama tsu mi): god or spirit of the mountain (although spelled with a different kanji, the mi here is the same as mi)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sin) (hangeul [[]], revised sin, McCune-Reischauer sin, Yale sin)


MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin Shén)

  1. God

HanziEdit

(Pinyin shēn (shen1), shén (shen2), Wade-Giles shen1, shen2)

CompoundsEdit

  • 神經
  • 神奥
  • 神不守舍
  • 神不知,鬼不觉
  • 神采
  • 神差鬼使
  • 神驰
  • 神出鬼没
  • 神道
  • 神甫
  • 神工鬼斧
  • 神怪
  • 神汉
  • 神乎
  • 神乎其神
  • 神化
  • 神话
  • 神魂
  • 神机妙算
  • 神交
  • 神经
  • 神经病
  • 神经错乱
  • 神经过敏
  • 神经衰弱
  • 神经痛
  • 神经系统
  • 神经细胞
  • 神经纤维
  • 神经质
  • 神经中枢
  • 神龛
  • 神来之笔
  • 神力
  • 神聊
  • 神灵
  • 神领
  • 神秘
  • 神妙
  • 神明
  • 神女
  • 神品
  • 神婆
  • 神奇

Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*jhin)


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thần)

Last modified on 11 April 2014, at 16:07