Last modified on 25 September 2014, at 20:03

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (altar) + phonetic  (praying man) – praying before an altar.

Han characterEdit

(radical 113 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 戈火中田中 (IFLWL), four-corner 35206, composition)

NounEdit

  1. spirit, god, supernatural being

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 842, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24673
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1261, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2392, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+795E

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping san1, san4, Yale san1, san4)

  1. god, supernatural (spiritual) deity

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
かみ
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

/kami2/ *[kamɨ] → /kami/ [kami]

From Old Japanese. Not related to (/kami1/, up) or (/kami1/, hair). Often appears in compounds as /kamu/ (modern /kaɴ/), indicating that /kami/ is a bound or fused form deriving from */kamu.i/[[Category:IPA pronunciations with invalid IPA characters|]]. Note that this final i may be the Old Japanese emphatic nominative particle (i), likely cognate with Korean nominative particle (i). Such fusion has occurred in other Japanese terms, such as (me, eye, from ma + i) or (sake, saké, liquor, from saka + i).

Compare Ainu カムイ (kamuy, god), also present in compounds like カムイモシㇼ (kamuy mosir, land of the gods).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かみ, romaji kami)

  1. god
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 85)
      Cami. カミ (神) 日本のゼンチヨ (gentios 異教徒)が尊崇する神(Cami).
  2. spirit (compare 精霊 spirit)
  3. thunder (compare thunder)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Cognate with (mi, honorific prefix, originally used to refer to gods and other high-status things).

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji mi)

  1. spirit, god
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sin) (hangeul , revised sin, McCune-Reischauer sin, Yale sin)

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MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

HanziEdit

(Pinyin shén (shen2), shēn (shen1), Wade-Giles shen2, shen1)

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PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin Shén)

  1. God
CompoundsEdit

Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*jhin)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA sîn (sin5))

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ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thần)

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