Last modified on 17 June 2014, at 09:53

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (altar) + phonetic  (praying man) – praying before an altar.

Han characterEdit

(radical 113 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 戈火中田中 (IFLWL), four-corner 35206, composition)

NounEdit

  1. spirit, god, supernatural being

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 842, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24673
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1261, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2392, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+795E

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping san1, san4, Yale san1, san4)

  1. god, supernatural (spiritual) deity

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

/kami2/ *[kamɨ] → /kami/ [kami]

From Old Japanese. Not related to (/kami1/, up) or (/kami1/, hair). Often appears in compounds as /kamu/ (modern /kaɴ/), indicating that /kami/ is a bound or fused form deriving from */kamu.i/[[Category:IPA pronunciations with invalid IPA characters|]]. Note that this final i may be the Old Japanese emphatic nominative particle (i), likely cognate with Korean nominative particle (i). Such fusion has occurred in other Japanese terms, such as (me, eye, from ma + i) or (sake, saké, liquor, from saka + i).

Compare Ainu カムイ (kamuy, god), also present in compounds like カムイモシㇼ (kamuy mosir, land of the gods).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かみ, romaji kami)

  1. god
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 85)
      Cami. カミ (神) 日本のゼンチヨ (gentios 異教徒)が尊崇する神(Cami).
  2. spirit (compare 精霊 spirit)
  3. thunder (compare thunder)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Japanese. Cognate with (mi, honorific prefix, originally used to refer to gods and other high-status things).

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji mi)

  1. spirit, god
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sin) (hangeul , revised sin, McCune-Reischauer sin, Yale sin)

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MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

HanziEdit

(Pinyin shén (shen2), shēn (shen1), Wade-Giles shen2, shen1)

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PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin Shén)

  1. God
CompoundsEdit

Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*jhin)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA sîn (sin5))

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ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thần)

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