Last modified on 23 June 2014, at 08:16

神楽

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

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神楽 (kagura): a performance of 八王子の舞 (Hachiōji no Mai) at Tokuyama Shrine.
Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
くら > ぐら
Grade: 2
Irregular

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of (kamu, spirit, god) +‎ (kura, seat).[1][2][3] The kura changes to gura due to rendaku (連濁). The original compound referred to the place used to call down the (kami, spirits and gods) to earth, when a 巫女 (miko, shrine maiden) would act as a medium for the kami. Over time, the term came to refer to the music and dance of the ceremony. The use of the character here is an example of ateji, reflecting the change in meaning.

/kamukuɽa/ → /kankuɽa/ → /kanguɽa/ → /kaguɽa/

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

神楽 (hiragana かぐら, romaji kagura)

  1. (Shintō) sacred dancing and music performed at Shintō ceremonies, often by miko, to honor Shintō spirits and gods
  2. bugaku (a type of traditional dancing and music) performed by regular people in front of a Shintō shrine
  3. a type of Noh dancing and music
  4. a type of kabuki musical accompaniment
  5. short for 御神楽 (okagura, a flat-topped house initially built with one storey, with additional storeys added later)
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

神楽 (hiragana かぐら, romaji Kagura)

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
かみ
Grade: 3
がく
Grade: 2
yutōyomi

Compound of (kami, spirit, god) +‎ (gaku, music).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

神楽 (hiragana かみがく, romaji kamigaku)

  1. (rare) a type of dance in a Noh play, performed by the leading (okina, old man) character

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
じん
Grade: 3
らく
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Probably from Middle Chinese 神楽 (*jhin *lɑk, literally god, spirit” + “happy; music).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

神楽 (hiragana じんらく, romaji Jinraku)

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
らき
Grade: 2
Irregular

Unknown.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [ka̠ɾ̠a̠ki]

Proper nounEdit

神楽 (hiragana からき, romaji Karaki)

  1. A surname​.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0