See also: and

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

EtymologyEdit

Simplified from .

  • Simplified from  ( →  and  → ) (2 strokes on top of phonetic) in simplified Chinese.
  • Simplified from  ( →  and  → ) (3 strokes on top of phonetic) in Japanese shinjitai.

However, both forms represented by same Unicode code point – see Han unification.

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic  in current simplified Chinese form.

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic  in current Japanese shinjitai form.

Han characterEdit

(radical 113 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 戈火金田十 (IFCWJ))

  1. meditation, contemplation (DKW: 24787'); "Zen".

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 844, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24787
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1265, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2402, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7985

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(traditional , Yale sim3, sin4 sin6)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 禅刹
  • 禅師
  • 禅宗
  • 禅定
  • 禅譲
  • 禅杖
  • 禅僧
  • 禅味

EtymologyEdit

Shortened from 禅那 (zenna, Zen meditation practice), from Middle Chinese 禅那 (chánnà), from Sanskrit ध्यान (dhyāna, a type of meditation); compare Pali झान (jhāna)

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ぜん, romaji Zen)

  1. Zen Buddhism

SynonymsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn, Yale sen)


MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(traditional , Pinyin chán (chan2), shàn (shan4), Wade-Giles ch'an2, sh'an4)

CompoundsEdit

  • 禅房
  • 禅机
  • 禅林
  • 禅师
  • 禅堂
  • 禅院
  • 禅杖
  • 禅宗
  • 禅让
Last modified on 5 April 2014, at 08:13