Last modified on 5 April 2014, at 08:16



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Alternative formsEdit


From the addition of Chinese ("Qin") during the Han dynasty to the self-proclaimed title of 始皇帝, from Chinese ("first") + 皇帝 ("emperor"). Owing to the Chinese preference for two- or three-character names, the title was then contracted.

Proper nounEdit

秦始皇 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin Qín Shǐhuáng)

  1. (historical) Shi Huangdi, the First Emperor of China

Usage notesEdit

Although the forms First Emperor, Shi Huangdi, and Shih Huang-ti remain more common in non-scholarly English, 秦始皇 is much more common in modern Chinese, with the non-truncated forms only appearing in scholarly or historical works.

The personal names 嬴正 and the rare hypercorrections 趙正 and 赵正 are anachronisms: Chinese of the period generally employed their (ancestral names), (clan names), and (given names) separately and not in the compound form of modern Chinese.