Last modified on 20 May 2015, at 23:50

See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

 + 

Han characterEdit

(radical 119 +11, 17 strokes, cangjie input 火木田廿金 (FDWTC), four-corner 90801)

  1. manure, dung, night soil

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 912, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27102
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1339, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3158, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7CDE

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Jyutping fan3, Yale fan3)

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
くそ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Cognate with 臭い (kusai, stinky, smelly), 腐る (kusaru, to rot, to become stinky).[1]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso)

  1. (colloquial) feces, excrement
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

InterjectionEdit

(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso)

  1. (expletive) crap, shit, bullshit
Usage notesEdit

This is not considered as profane as the English glosses. For instance, a child of five using the Japanese interjection kuso would be unremarkable, whereas it would be very socially inappropriate for a child of five to use the English interjection shit.

PrefixEdit

(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso-)

  1. A derogatory prefix.
     (くそ) (じじ)
    kusojijī
    crappy old man

SuffixEdit

(hiragana くそ, romaji -kuso)

  1. A derogatory emphasizing suffix.
    下手 (へた) (くそ)
    hetakuso
    crappy bad at something; to be shit at doing something
    襤褸 (ぼろ) (くそ)
    borokuso
    broken down for shit, raggedy-ass

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ふん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

/pun//fun/

From Middle Chinese (pjunH).

NounEdit

(hiragana ふん, katakana フン, romaji fun)

  1. animal excrement, droppings
Usage notesEdit

This noun specifically refers to the excrement of non-human animals; for human excrement, the term 大便 (daiben) is used.

Due to the complicated nature of this kanji, this word is often written in katakana instead.

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ばば
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Appears to derive from baby talk.[1][2] Compare English poopoo.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ばば, romaji baba)

  1. (children's word): poopoo, poop, dookie
  2. (children's word): something unclean
IdiomsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(bun) (hangeul , revised bun, McCune-Reischauer pun, Yale pun)

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MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Pinyin fèn (fen4), sān (san1), Wade-Giles fen4, san1)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phẩn, phân)

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