Last modified on 6 October 2014, at 12:28
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Jiao-si-pang-wei.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (thread) + phonetic  – to tie fast, to maintain.

Han characterEdit

(radical 120 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 女火人土 (VFOG), four-corner 20914, composition)

  1. maintain, preserve, safeguard

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 927, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27568
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1364, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3415, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7DAD

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (維), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 以追切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jiuɪ/ /wi/ /ui/ /jʷi/ /jwi/ /jwi/ /juɪ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wéi ‹ ywij › /*ɢʷij (? < *ɢʷuj)/ rope for tying

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12852 2 /*ɢʷi/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(yu) (hangeul , revised yu, McCune-Reischauer yu, Yale yu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(duy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.