Last modified on 6 December 2014, at 15:50

See also:

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

EtymologyEdit

Simplified from ().

Han characterEdit

(radical 120 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 女一人一口 (VMOMR), composition)

  1. give
  2. by, for

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (給), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 緝
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 居立切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɪp̚/ /ki̯əp̚/ /kiəp̚/ /kip̚/ /kip̚/ /kĭĕp̚/ /kjep̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kip › /*[k](r)[əә]p/ furnish

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5002 3 /*krub/

VerbEdit

  1. to give
    我几个。 gěi wǒ jǐge.
    give me some.
  2. to allow; to let
    他看。 bù gěi tā kàn.
    Don't let him see it.
  3. for, for the benefit of
    这是你的。 zhè shì gěi nǐ de.
    This is for you.
    这本书不是年轻读者看的。 zhè běn shū bùshì gěi niánqīng dúzhě kàn de.
    These books are not fit for young readers.
  4. to (introduce recipient of an action)
    我讲了一个有趣的故事。 tā gěi wǒ jiǎng le yīgè yǒuqù de gùshi.
    She told (to) me an interesting story.
    七点钟我打电话你。 qī diǎnzhōng wǒ dǎdiànhuà gěi nǐ.
    I'll call you at seven. ( I'll give a call to you )

VerbEdit

  1. to supply, to provide
    补给 to replenish; 供给 to furnish; 自给 self-reliant

ReferencesEdit