Last modified on 3 October 2014, at 21:26
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
考-bw.png
Stroke order
考-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Variant of – Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (an old man with long hair, bent over) +  (a cane) – an old man, leaning on a cane. Compare top component to .

Cognate to ; the most commonly cited example of 轉注 (zhuǎn zhù, reciprocal meaning).

Han characterEdit

(radical 125 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 十大卜尸 (JKYS), four-corner 44207, composition)

  1. examine, test, investigate, verify
  2. examination, test
  3. old age
  4. (archaic) a posthumous name for male relations

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 960, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28843
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1408, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2779, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8003

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (考), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 豪
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 苦浩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑuX/ /kʰɑuX/ /kʰɑuX/ /kʰɑuX/ /kʰawX/ /kʰɑuX/ /kʰɑuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kǎo ‹ khawX › /*k-r̥ ˤuʔ/ old; deceased father

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7404 1 /*kʰluːʔ/

EtymologyEdit

Originally meant old; deconstructed as derivative (老字头) of lǎo "old" + qiǎo (phonetic). Later evolved to mean "deceased father". Modern meanings of to exam, to study and to ponder a possible extension of the kind of activities old men do.

NounEdit

  1. (archaic) deceased father

VerbEdit

  1. to have or give an exam/test (考试 kǎoshì)
  2. to consider (考虑 kǎolǜ)
  3. to check; to examine
  4. to study; to investigate

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. torture
  2. beat

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(go) (hangeul , revised go, McCune-Reischauer ko, Yale ko)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khảo)

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