菩薩

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese, originally as abbreviation of full term 菩提薩埵, itself a transliteration of Sanskrit बोधिसत्त्व (bodhi-sattva, enlightened existence).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

菩薩 (hiragana ぼさつ, romaji bosatsu)

  1. (Buddhism) bodhisattva
  2. (obsolete) in ancient Japan, a title granted by the imperial court to notably virtuous high-ranking monks
  3. (archaic) a title applied to native Shinto gods, after the spread of 本地垂迹 (honji suijaku, theological position prevalent until the Meiji period, explaining that Indian Buddhist deities choose to appear in Japan as native kami)
  4. alternate name for (kome, rice)
  5. by extension of the rice meaning, a maidservant who cooks rice

External linksEdit

Proper nounEdit

菩薩 (hiragana ぼさつ, romaji Bosatsu)

  1. the title of a piece of 雅楽 (gagaku, ancient court music), categorized as 唐楽 (tōgaku, literally “Tang music”, a style of gagaku)

MandarinEdit

simpl. 菩萨
trad.

EtymologyEdit

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin púsà
Zhuyin ㄆㄨˊ ㄙㄚˋ
IPA (key) /pʰu³⁵ sa̠⁵¹/

NounEdit

菩薩 (traditional, Pinyin púsà, simplified 菩萨)

  1. bodhisattva

SynonymsEdit


Min NanEdit

simpl. 菩萨
trad.

HanziEdit

菩薩 (POJ phô͘-sat)

Last modified on 10 April 2014, at 01:14