Last modified on 3 May 2015, at 04:00

See also: , , and

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (grass) + phonetic . Note that 枼 means “table, flat”, so connotations of “a flat plant part, a leaf”.

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 廿心廿木 (TPTD), four-corner 44904, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1044, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31387
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1504, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3243, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+8449

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (葉), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 葉
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 與涉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jiᴇp̚/ /i̯ɛp̚/ /iɛp̚/ /jiɛp̚/ /jiap̚/ /jĭɛp̚/ /jæp̚/
Character (葉), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 葉
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 書涉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiᴇp̚/ /ɕi̯ɛp̚/ /ɕiɛp̚/ /ɕiɛp̚/ /ɕiap̚/ /ɕĭɛp̚/ /ɕjæp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yep › /*l[a]p/ leaf

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11557 2 /*hljeb/
11561 2 /*leb/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. leaf, petal
  2. page of book
  3. era, epoch
  4. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(ha, ): sunlight through leaves.
Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun'yomi

/pa//fa//ha/

From Old Japanese.[1] Probably cognate with Old Japanese verb 生ゆ (hayu, to sprout, to grow) → modern 生える (haeru), and with (ha, feather; wing). Probably also cognate with (ha, tooth) from the way that both sprout and then later fall, and with (ha, blade) from similarities in shape.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(counter , hiragana , romaji ha)

  1. leaf, needle, blade (of a plant)
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
よう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

/epu//efu//eu//yoː/

From Middle Chinese (yep, leaf).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana よう, romaji , historical hiragana えふ)

  1. leaf, needle, blade (of a plant)
  2. a season, an age: a shorter period of time within a longer one
  3. an administration: the period of time during which a certain person holds a certain office

CounterEdit

(hiragana よう, romaji -yō, historical hiragana えふ)

  1. (rare) counter for flat, thin things such as leaves or paper
  2. Template:qualifer counter for small boats

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(yeop, seop) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer yŏp, sŏp, Yale yep, sep)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana ふぁー, romaji faa)

EtymologyEdit

Derived from Proto-Japonic pa. Cognate with Kunigami phaá, Middle Japanese ɸa, and modern Japanese ha.

NounEdit

(hiragana ふぁー, romaji faa)

  1. leaf

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(diệp, diếp, dợp, dớp, đẹp, giấp, giẹp, nhịp, riếp, dào)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.