Last modified on 22 December 2014, at 01:43

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (insect) +  (claw) – a scratching insect/pest.

Han characterEdit

(radical 142 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 水戈中一戈 (EILMI), four-corner 17136, composition)

  1. flea
  2. louse

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1078, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32893
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1547, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2836, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+86A4

ChineseEdit

flea
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (蚤), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 豪
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 子晧切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɑuX/ /t͡sɑuX/ /t͡sɑuX/ /t͡sɑuX/ /t͡sawX/ /t͡sɑuX/ /t͡sɑuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zǎo ‹ tsawX › /*tsˤuʔ/ flea

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16552 1 /*ʔsuːʔ/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

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OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana ぬみ, romaji numi)

  1. flea

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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