Last modified on 11 July 2014, at 17:03

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 142 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 中戈十心 (LIJP), four-corner 53111, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1080, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32964
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1548, character 36
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2845, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+86C7

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (蛇), Pronunciation (1/3)

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 弋支切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jiᴇ/ /ie̯/ /ie/ /jiɛ/ /jiə̆/ /jǐe/ /jɛ/
Character (蛇), Pronunciation (2/3)

Initial: 透 (6)
Final: 歌
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 託何切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑ/ /tʰɑ/ /tʰɑ/ /tʰɑ/ /tʰa/ /tʰɑ/ /tʰɑ/
Character (蛇), Pronunciation (3/3)

Initial: 船 (27)
Final: 麻
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 食遮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑia/ /d͡ʑʰi̯a/ /d͡ʑia/ /ʑia/ /ʑia/ /d͡ʑĭa/ /ʑia/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shé ‹ zyæ › /*Cə.laj {*Cə.lAj}/ snake
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12211 1 /*l̥ʰaːl/ 注説文同它
12232 1 /*ɦljaːl/
12236 1 /*lal/

NounEdit

(classifier /)

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) snake, serpent

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

  1. (Cantonese, Hong Kong) transliteration for sir (used when addressed policeman or male school teachers)

PronunciationEdit

SyllableEdit

  1. (used only as a phonetic element)
    • 蛇蛇 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]yíyí [Pinyin] — facile (of words); calmly; leisurely
    • 委蛇 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]wěiyí [Pinyin] — winding; meandering; pretending interest and sympathy

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

pemi → ɸemi → hemi.

NounEdit

(hiragana へみ, romaji hemi)

  1. (obsolete) a snake

Etymology 2Edit

From earlier hemi. Medial /m/ loses nasal quality becoming a plosive.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana へび, romaji hebi)

  1. a snake; a serpent

Etymology 3Edit

kutinapa → kutinaɸa → kutinawa → kuchinawa. From the verb kuchi- (to rot) nominalized and napa (string, cord). Literally "rotten string" based on the appearance of a snake.

NounEdit

(hiragana くちなわ, romaji kuchinawa, historical hiragana くちなは)

  1. (obsolete) a snake

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sa, i) (hangeul , , revised sa, i, McCune-Reischauer sa, i, Yale sa, i)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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