Last modified on 14 July 2014, at 04:29
See also:

TranslingualEdit

simpl.
trad.

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (see) – someone you see every day.

Han characterEdit

(radical 147 +9, 16 strokes, cangjie input 卜木月山山 (YDBUU), four-corner 06910, composition)

  1. relatives, parents
  2. intimate

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1136, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34918
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1602, character 35
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3671, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+89AA

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (親), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 七人切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiɪn/ /t͡sʰi̯ĕn/ /t͡sʰiĕn/ /t͡sʰin/ /t͡sʰin/ /t͡sʰĭĕn/ /t͡sʰjen/
Character (親), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 七遴切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiɪnH/ /t͡sʰi̯ĕnH/ /t͡sʰiĕnH/ /t͡sʰinH/ /t͡sʰinH/ /t͡sʰĭĕnH/ /t͡sʰjenH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qīn ‹ tshin › /*tsʰin {*[tsʰ]i[n]}/ close; parents
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13804 2 /*sʰin/ 說文親(同榛)聲
13806 2 /*sʰins/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana おや, romaji oya)

  1. a mother; a father; a parent
  2. the founder
  3. the dealer; the banker

IdiomsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chin) (hangeul , revised chin, McCune-Reischauer ch'in, Yale chin)

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CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thân)

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