Last modified on 18 December 2014, at 14:36

See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (see) – someone you see every day.

Han characterEdit

(radical 147 +9, 16 strokes, cangjie input 卜木月山山 (YDBUU), four-corner 06910, composition)

  1. relatives, parents
  2. intimate

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1136, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34918
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1602, character 35
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3671, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+89AA

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (親), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 七人切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiɪn/ /t͡sʰi̯ĕn/ /t͡sʰiĕn/ /t͡sʰin/ /t͡sʰin/ /t͡sʰĭĕn/ /t͡sʰjen/
Character (親), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 七遴切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiɪnH/ /t͡sʰi̯ĕnH/ /t͡sʰiĕnH/ /t͡sʰinH/ /t͡sʰinH/ /t͡sʰĭĕnH/ /t͡sʰjenH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qīn ‹ tshin › /*[tsʰ]i[n]/ close; parents

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13804 2 /*sʰin/ 說文親(同榛)聲
13806 2 /*sʰins/

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana おや, romaji oya)

  1. a mother; a father; a parent
  2. the founder
  3. the dealer; the banker

IdiomsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chin) (hangeul , revised chin, McCune-Reischauer ch'in, Yale chin)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thân)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.