This position was established in the Qin Dynasty (221 - 206 BCE), and abandoned after the Jin Dynasty (265–420). A court advisor was responsible for issuing opinions to the emperor about matters of state. A court advisor received a stipend of 600-dan, and was often a civil officer who was nominated to his post because of his record of filial piety and incorruptibility. Court advisors served under the Minister of the Household.
議郎 (traditional, Pinyin 议郎), simplified
- (archaic) Court Advisor (position title within the old imperial system)
- Government of the Han Dynasty#Minister of the Household on Wikipedia.Wikipedia:Government of the Han Dynasty#Minister of the Household
- 光祿勳 on the Mandarin Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:光祿勳
- "議郎" (in Mandarin), Guoyu Cidian On-line Mandarin Dictionary (國語辭典). URL accessed on 2011-01-30.
- 2007, Hanyu Da Cidian 3.0 (in Mandarin), Hong Kong: Commercial Press, ISBN 9789620702778: