Last modified on 20 June 2014, at 11:45
See also: and

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (output) +  (goods)

indicate the exporting side of the selling/buying deal. It was reduced to . Compare to (to buy)

Han characterEdit

(radical 154 +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 土田中金 (GWLC), four-corner 40806, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1209, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36825
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1675, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3645, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+8CE3

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (賣), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 佳
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 莫懈切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɣɛH/ /maiH/ /mɛH/ /mɯæH/ /maɨjH/ /maiH/ /mæiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
mài ‹ meaH › /*mˤrajʔ-s/ sell

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8731 0 /*mreːs/

VerbEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin, transitive, intransitive) to sell
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
      Zhè běn shū bù mài. [Pinyin]
      This book is not for sale
  2. to betray
    • 出賣 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]chūmài [Pinyin] — to betray
    • 賣友求榮 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]màiyǒuqiúróng [Pinyin] — to betray someone to obtain promotion
  3. to spare no effort, to do one's best
  4. to show off
    • 賣弄 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]màinòng [Pinyin] — to show off
    • 賣功 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]màigōng [Pinyin] — to show off one's merit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(mae) (hangeul , revised mae, McCune-Reischauer mae, Yale may)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(mại, mải, mợi)

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