Last modified on 30 September 2014, at 08:03
simpl. and trad.

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 156 +5, 12 strokes, cangjie input 土人尸竹口 (GOSHR), four-corner 47806, composition)

  1. jump over, leap over
  2. surpass
  3. a given name

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1216, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37096
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1685, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3484, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+8D85

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (超), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 徹 (10)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 敕宵切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈʰiᴇu/ /ȶʰi̯ɛu/ /ȶʰiɛu/ /ʈʰiɛu/ /ʈʰiaw/ /ȶʰĭɛu/ /ȶʰjæu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chāo ‹ trhjew › /*tʰr[a]w/ leap over, surpass

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2123 2 /*tʰew/

PrefixEdit

  1. hyper-
    文本
    hypertext
  2. super-
    supermarket
    音速
    supersonic

VerbEdit

  1. to surpass

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

PrefixEdit

(hiragana ちょう, romaji chō-)

  1. extra-; hyper-; mega-; meta-; para-; super-; trans-; ultra-

CompoundsEdit

SynonymsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(cho)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: cho, McCune-Reischauer: ch'o, Yale: cho)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(siêu, sêu)

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