Last modified on 12 September 2014, at 23:20
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
还-order.gif
Stroke order
还-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Simplified from ()

Han characterEdit

(radical 162 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜一火 (YMF))

  1. still, yet, also, besides
  2. to return
  3. a surname

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1254, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38771
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1737, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3818, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+8FD8

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (還), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 刪
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸關切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣuan/ /ɣwan/ /ɣuan/ /ɦʷɯan/ /ɦwaɨn/ /ɣwan/ /ɣuɐn/
Character (還), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 邪 (17)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 似宣切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ziuᴇn/ /zi̯wɛn/ /ziuɛn/ /zʷiɛn/ /zwian/ /zĭwɛn/ /zjuæn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huán ‹ hwæn › /*ɢʷˁren {*[ɢ]ʷˁren}/ agile
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16230 1 /*ɡʷraːn/

AdverbEdit

  1. still, yet; indicates that the phenomenon or observation still exists or the action is still ongoing
    怎么
    Why are you still not here?
    工作
    It's ten o'clock already and he is still working.
    那么漂亮
    She is still very beautiful after these years.
  2. even more; indicates an increase from a certain level or a supplement
    今年去年
    This year is even colder than last year.
    考试上课
    (I) still have classes after the exams.
  3. (before adjectives, mostly positive) passably, (surprisingly) quite
    屋子收拾干净
    It's quite clean for such a small room.
    孩子,还懂事
    The small kid is surprisingly quite sensible.
    蛋糕可以
    The cake that you made tastes all right.
  4. (often in rhetorical questions) indicates condition and contrast; even
    何况
    Even you can't move it, let alone me.
  5. indicates unexpectedness; really
    办法
    Surprisingly he has a way to do this.
  6. indicates past events; emphasising earliness
    以前我们研究这个方案
    The proposal has been studied by us a couple of years ago (and now you made the suggestion to study it).

PronunciationEdit


VerbEdit

  1. to return to a place, to go back to a place
    还家 (to return home), 还乡 (to return to one's hometown), 还原 (to return to the original state, [chem] to reduce), 还俗 (to resume secular life)
  2. to return an object, to give back
    偿还 (to reimburse), 还书 (the return the books (to the library))
    手机
    Give my mobile back to me.
    to owe money (without the intention of paying back)
  3. to do or give something in return
    还嘴 (to retort), 还手 (to hit back), 还礼 (to present a gift in return), 还击 (to fight back), 还价 (to make a counter-offer buying price)
    以眼还眼,以牙还牙
    (literally) an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth; tit for tat

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​.