Last modified on 21 September 2014, at 20:05
See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲):  + .

Note that inner component is not – these are not cognate, and there is an extra stroke in 達 (two horizontal strokes at the bottom, not one).

Han characterEdit

(radical 162 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜土廿手 (YGTQ), four-corner 34304, composition𦍒)

  1. arrive at, reach
  2. intelligent

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1262, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39011
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1755, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3855, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9054

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (達), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 透 (6)
Final: 曷
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 他達切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑt̚/ /tʰɑt̚/ /tʰɑt̚/ /tʰɑt̚/ /tʰat̚/ /tʰɑt̚/ /tʰɑt̚/
Character (達), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 曷
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 唐割切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/dɑt̚/ /dʱɑt̚/ /dɑt̚/ /dɑt̚/ /dat̚/ /dɑt̚/ /dɑt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dat › /*Cə.lˁat/ arrive at
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1923 1 /*tʰaːd/
1929 1 /*daːd/

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

SuffixEdit

(hiragana たち, romaji -tachi)

  1. Plural marker
    子供達 (こどもたち)
    kodomo-tachi
    children

SynonymsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Note that 達 only clarifies that the number of people in question is more than one. It could be omitted when the plurality is already clear by context or not cared. The plurality marked with 達 is not syntactic one. 達 is normally used only for people.


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(dal) (hangeul , revised dal, McCune-Reischauer tal, Yale tal)

  1. (통할 달, tonghal-) to reach, pass through

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đạt, đác, đặt, đật, đợt, thớt)

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