Last modified on 10 July 2014, at 02:44
See also: 西

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
酉-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形): an ancient vase used in making and storing fermented millet liquors. See .

酉 酉 酉 酉
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 164 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一金田一 (MCWM), four-corner 10600)

  1. tenth of twelve earthly branches (十二支): rooster () of Chinese zodiac
  2. a wine vessel
  3. radical 164

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1280, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39763
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1778, character 36
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3572, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9149

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (酉), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 與久切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨuX/ /i̯ə̯uX/ /iuX/ /jiuX/ /juwX/ /jĭəuX/ /iəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yǒu ‹ yuwX › /*m.ruʔ {*[m].ruʔ}/ 10th earthly branch
yǒu ‹ yuwX › /*m.ruʔ/ wine
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15583 1 /*luʔ/

Usage notesEdit

Although it remains associated with liquor, the character alone is mostly used as the tenth earthly branch in the Chinese cyclical calendar.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. "sake" radical (さけづぐり)
  2. "bird of the zodiac" radical (ひよみのとり, とりへん)
  3. rooster, cock (tenth sign of the Chinese zodiac)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • New Nelson: 6157
  • Halpern: 3544
  • Halpern Learners: 2207
  • Heisig: 1427
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2254
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

NounEdit

(hiragana とり, romaji tori)

  1. rooster, cock (tenth sign of the Chinese zodiac)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(yu) (hangeul , revised yu, McCune-Reischauer yu, Yale yu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(dậu, dấu, giấu, giậu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.