Last modified on 18 November 2014, at 15:30
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
长-order.gif
simpl.
trad.

EtymologyEdit

Simplified from .

Han characterEdit

(radical 168 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 心人 (PO))

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (長), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 直良切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨɐŋ/ /ȡʱi̯aŋ/ /ȡiaŋ/ /ɖiɐŋ/ /ɖɨaŋ/ /ȡĭaŋ/ /ȡiɑŋ/
Character (長), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 知丈切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈɨɐŋX/ /ȶi̯aŋX/ /ȶiaŋX/ /ʈiɐŋX/ /ʈɨaŋX/ /ȶĭaŋX/ /ȶiɑŋX/
Character (長), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 直亮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨɐŋH/ /ȡʱi̯aŋH/ /ȡiaŋH/ /ɖiɐŋH/ /ɖɨaŋH/ /ȡĭaŋH/ /ȡiɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cháng ‹ drjang › /*Cəә-[N]-traŋ/ long (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1263 0 /*taŋʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. long
  2. length
  3. to excel in
  4. leader

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. to grow