Last modified on 22 December 2014, at 03:11



(phonetic character); (final part.); (interj.); flatter; an initial particle; prefix to names of people
chop; carve wood
minutely; young; duty; responsibility
simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit



  • The above story gave birth to the term 斲鼻 (tok-phīⁿ), which describes a person with a hooked nose. Westerners were originally noted for their unusual noses, and therefore were called 斲鼻仔 (tok-phīⁿ-á or hook nose). This term was later replaced by the more informal sounding a-tok-á.



  1. (Min Nan, slang) a westerner; a Caucasian person of European or American descent; a round eyes

Usage notesEdit

  • Usually used in reference to Americans. Like most such ethnic terms, the word is either insulting or neutral depending on who says it, and in what context.