Last modified on 16 March 2015, at 21:35

雄黄

ChineseEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of 雄黄 – see 雄黃.
(This term, 雄黄, is the simplified form of 雄黃.)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
雄黄 (yūō, ): a sample of the mineral orpiment.
Kanji in this term
ゆう
Grade: S
おう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

/juːwau//juːwɔː//juːoː/

From Middle Chinese compound 雄黃 (hjuwng hwang, literally male + yellow), indicating the mineral realgar, in contrast to 雌黄 (tsiɛ hwang, literally female + yellow), indicating the mineral orpiment.

Due to similarities between the two minerals, when the term was borrowed into Japanese, the meaning changed from realgar to orpiment.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

雄黄 (hiragana ゆうおう, romaji yūō, historical hiragana ゆうわう)

  1. orpiment, an arsenic sulfide mineral
Usage notesEdit

This is the most common reading for this kanji compound.

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
おう
Grade: 2
yutōyomi

/wowau//owɔː//ooː/

Compound of (o, male, from Old Japanese) +‎ (ō, yellow, from Middle Chinese).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

雄黄 (hiragana おおう, romaji , historical hiragana をわう)

  1. (rare, possibly obsolete) orpiment, an arsenic sulfide mineral
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
雄黄 (kini): a sample of the mineral realgar.
Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: 2
Irregular

From Old Japanese. Compound of (ki, yellow) +‎ (ni, earth, reddish earth). The kanji are ateji, borrowed from the Chinese term.

Cognate and homophone of 雌黄 (kini, orpiment). Only differentiated by spelling.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [kini]

NounEdit

雄黄 (hiragana きに, romaji kini)

  1. (rare, possibly obsolete) realgar, an arsenic sulfide mineral
SynonymsEdit
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9