Last modified on 27 September 2014, at 01:08
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
電-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (rain) + phonetic 

The in this character is a variant/corruption of , used phonetically. Compare the Old Chinese pronunciations: 申 *l̥in, 電 *lˤin-s.

Han characterEdit

(radical 173 +5, 13 strokes, cangjie input 一月田山 (MBWU), four-corner 10716, composition)

  1. electricity, electric, electro-
  2. lightning

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1373, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1882, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4060, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+96FB

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (電), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 堂練切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/denH/ /dʱienH/ /denH/ /denH/ /dɛnH/ /dienH/ /dɛnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
diàn ‹ denH › /*lˁin-s {*lˁi[n]-s}/ lightning
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11233 1 /*l'iːns/

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. lightning
  2. electricity

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compound of いな (ina, rice plant) +‎ つま (tsuma, spouse). From an old folk belief that lightning joined with the rice plant to bring it to seed. The tsuma becomes zuma in this compound due to rendaku (連濁).

NounEdit

(hiragana いなずま, romaji inazuma)

  1. lightning

SynonymsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jeon) (hangeul , revised jeon, McCune-Reischauer chŏn, Yale cen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(điện)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.