See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
電-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (rain) + phonetic 

The in this character is a variant/corruption of , used phonetically. Compare the Old Chinese pronunciations: 申 *l̥in, 電 *lˤin-s.

Han characterEdit

(radical 173 +5, 13 strokes, cangjie input 一月田山 (MBWU), four-corner 10716, composition)

  1. electricity, electric, electro
  2. lightning

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1373, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1882, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4060, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+96FB

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Jyutping din6, Yale din6)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. lightning
  2. electricity

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compound of いな (ina, rice plant) +‎ つま (tsuma, spouse). From an old folk belief that lightning joined with the rice plant to bring it to seed. The tsuma becomes zuma in this compound due to rendaku (連濁).

NounEdit

(hiragana いなずま, romaji inazuma)

  1. lightning

SynonymsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jeon) (hangeul , revised jeon, McCune-Reischauer chŏn, Yale cen)


MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Pinyin diàn (dian4), Wade-Giles tien4)

CompoundsEdit


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*dhèn)


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(điện)

Last modified on 12 April 2014, at 07:54