Last modified on 9 October 2014, at 23:11

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

EtymologyEdit

Japanese shinjitai Simplified from ().

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (head) – part of the head.

Han characterEdit

(radical 181 +6, 15 strokes, cangjie input 大廿一月金 (KTMBC))

  1. cheeks, jaw

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1404, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 7, page 4367, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+982C

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
ほほ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ほほ, romaji hoho)

  1. (anatomy) cheek, (the side of the face)

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ほお
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

[ho̞ho̞] → [ho̞ː]

Derived from hoho above.[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ほお, romaji , historical hiragana ほほ)

  1. (anatomy) cheek
Usage notesEdit

The reading is more common when used as a standalone noun.

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
つら
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Of same origin as (tsura, a string or lineup of things). Extending from the meaning of "lineup", the meaning changed to indicate the side of the items lined up. In reference to people, this came to mean the cheeks as the side of the face, and then by extension the face as a whole.[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana つら, romaji tsura)

  1. the cheeks
  2. the face (usually written )
  3. one's facial expression
  4. the side of something
  5. the surface or front of something
  6. one's honor: "face" as in save face or lose face
Alternative formsEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Used as ateji in various names.

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana すえみつ, romaji Suemitsu)

  1. A male given name

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana すえもと, romaji Suemoto)

  1. A male given name

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana のりみち, romaji Norimichi)

  1. A male given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hyeop) (hangeul , revised hyeop, McCune-Reischauer hyŏp, Yale hyep)

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MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin jiá (jia2), tou (tou5), Wade-Giles chia2, t'ou5)

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