Last modified on 17 August 2010, at 06:25



Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 6


A compound of the noun and the adjective 映し. 顔, while /kao/ in modern Japanese, was historically /kaho/. When combined with 映ゆし, this became /kahahasi/. Due to historical phonological processes, medial -ha- changes into IPA(key): [wa], thus changing /kaha/ into IPA(key): kawa. However, hayushi is still recognized as a separate word and hence does not change into *wayushi.


顔映し (-i inflection, hiragana かわはゆし, romaji kawahayushi, historical hiragana かははゆし)

  1. One's face turns red.
  2. To feel embarrassed. Have a guilty conscience.
    • c. 1120: Konjaku Monogatarishū 19.9

Usage notesEdit

  • Archaic.


1962 March 5 [c. 1120], Yoshio Yamada; Tadao Yamada, Hideo Yamada, Toshio Yamada, Konjaku Monogatarishū (Volume 4) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4-0006-0025-7: