Last modified on 24 November 2014, at 01:16

See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (food) + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 184 +4, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人戈竹水 (OIHE), four-corner 81747, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1417, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44064
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1941, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4444, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+98EF

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

EtymologyEdit

Compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *puuŋ (cooked rice), whence Mon ပုၚ် (pɜŋ, cooked rice).

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (飯), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 元
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 扶晚切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bʉɐnX/ /bʱi̯wɐnX/ /biuɐnX/ /bʷiɐnX/ /buanX/ /bĭwɐnX/ /biuɐnX/
Character (飯), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 元
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 符万切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bʉɐnH/ /bʱi̯wɐnH/ /biuɐnH/ /bʷiɐnH/ /buanH/ /bĭwɐnH/ /biuɐnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
fàn ‹ bjonX › /*bo[n]ʔ/ eat
fàn ‹ bjonH › /*bo[n]ʔ-s/ cooked rice or millet

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2976 3 /*bonʔ/
2977 3 /*bons/

NounEdit

(classifier )

  1. cooked rice
  2. food
  3. meal

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
めし
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

NounEdit

(hiragana めし, romaji meshi)

  1. cooked rice
  2. (informal) meal
     (めし) ()
    meshi o kuu
    eat a meal

Usage notesEdit

This is an informal way to refer to food, and  () (kuu) is a correspondingly informal way to say "eat."


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ban) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer pan, Yale pan)

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CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phạn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.