Last modified on 21 December 2014, at 12:02

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (horse) + phonetic .

Han characterEdit

(radical 187 +11, 21 strokes, cangjie input 尸火尸口口 (SFSRR), four-corner 71316, composition)

  1. spur a horse on
  2. expel, drive away

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1444, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44968
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1968, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4574, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9A45

ChineseEdit

 
to expel; to urge on; to drive; to run quickly
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (驅), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 豈俱切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɨo/ /kʰi̯u/ /kʰio/ /kʰio/ /kʰuə̆/ /kʰĭu/ /kʰio/
Character (驅), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 區遇切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɨoH/ /kʰi̯uH/ /kʰioH/ /kʰioH/ /kʰuə̆H/ /kʰĭuH/ /kʰioH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khju › /*[k]ʰ(r)o/ drive (horses) forward

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10606 0 /*kʰo/
10612 0 /*kʰos/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to run quickly

VerbEdit

  1. to expel; to disperse
  2. to drive (a horse, a car); to urge on; to spur



JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(xúi, khu, )

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