黄泉

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 6

Etymology 1Edit

/yo2mo2/: [ywomwo][yomo]

Older form of 黄泉 /yo2mi2/. Ablaut of cognate (yama, mountain). Mountains were often used as a place to bury the dead and were strongly associated with the afterlife.

The kanji (yellow) and (spring, water source) are ateji, related to Chinese myths about the underworld having a yellow spring.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

黄泉 (hiragana よも, romaji yomo)

  1. the land of the dead, the afterworld, the underworld
Derived termsEdit
  • 黄泉つ軍 (よもついくさ, yomo tsu ikusa): the army of the dead
  • 黄泉つ神 (よもつかみ, yomo tsu kami): the god of the dead
  • 黄泉つ国 (よもつくに, yomo tsu kuni): the land of the dead
  • 黄泉醜女, 黄泉つ醜女 (よもつしこめ, yomo tsu shikome): a demoness inhabitant of the land of the dead
  • 黄泉つ平坂 (よもつひらさか, yomo tsu hirasaka): the hills of the dead, lying between this world and the afterlife
  • 黄泉竈食, 黄泉つ竈食い (よもつへぐい, yomo tsu hegui): “eating from the kitchen of the dead” → dying, death

Etymology 2Edit

/yo2mi2/: [ywomwi][yomi]

Ablaut form of older 黄泉 /yo2mo2/. See yomo above.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

黄泉 (hiragana よみ, romaji yomi)

  1. the land of the dead, the afterworld, the underworld
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Sinitic 黄泉. Date of borrowing unknown.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

黄泉 (hiragana こうせん, historical hiragana くゎうせん, romaji kōsen)

  1. an underground spring
  2. the underworld, the land of the dead
Derived termsEdit
  • 黄泉の客 (こうせんのきゃく, kōsen no kyaku): “a visitor to the land of the dead” → someone who has died
  • 黄泉の旅人 (こうせんのたびびと, kōsen no tabibito): “a traveler to the land of the dead” → someone who has died
IdiomsEdit
  • 黄泉の路上老少無し (こうせんのろじょうろうしょうなし, kōsen no rojō rōshō nashi): “on the road to the land of the dead, there is no old or young” → death comes to all, regardless of age

MandarinEdit

Mandarin Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia cmn

simpl.
trad. 黃泉

EtymologyEdit

From  ("yellow") +  ("spring"). Water from a spring or a well tends to become increasingly yellow as the depth of the water source increases. The underground is where the dead people are buried, hence where the "underworld" would be.

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin huángquán
Zhuyin ㄏㄨㄤˊ ㄑㄩㄢˊ
IPA (key) /xu̯ɑŋ³⁵ t͡ɕʰy̯ɛn³⁵/

NounEdit

黄泉 (simplified, Pinyin huángquán, traditional 黃泉)

  1. an underground spring
  2. the underworld, the land of the dead
Last modified on 10 April 2014, at 10:00