Last modified on 27 May 2014, at 15:41

-եան

Old ArmenianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *-iyn̥, *-iHn̥.

SuffixEdit

-եան (-ean)

  1. Forming adjectives, e.g. առաւօտեան (aṙawōtean), աստուածեան (astuacean), հայկեան (haykean), ներբողեան (nerbołean).
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • -եան” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi

Etymology 2Edit

Probably from Iranian *-yān, a postvocalic variant of the pluralization suffix *-ān, whence -ան (-an). Alternatively, from Etymology 1, contaminated with the Iranian pluralization suffix.

SuffixEdit

-եան (-ean)

  1. Forming collective nouns, e.g. բերդեան (berdean), գեղեան (gełean), գիւղեան (giwłean), գործեան (gorcean), գրեան (grean), թղթեան (tʿłtʿean), խոզեան (xozean), հիւպատեան (hiwpatean), մոգեան (mogean), մորթեան (mortʿean), նախարարեան (naxararean), նոխազեան (noxazean), քաջեան (kʿaǰean).
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • -եան” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi

Etymology 3Edit

The origin is uncertain. Perhaps the same with the adjective-forming suffix -եան (-ean) of Etymology 1.

SuffixEdit

-եան (-ean)

  1. singular genitive/dative/locative case ending for certain verb derivatives, especially those with -ստ (-st), -ունդ (-und), -ուրդ (-urd)
    կորստեանkorstean — genitive/dative/locative singular of կորուստ (korust)
    ամսեանamsean — genitive/dative/locative singular of ամիս (amis)
    խորհրդեանxorhrdean — genitive/dative/locative singular of խորհուրդ (xorhurd)
    ծննդեանcnndean — genitive/dative/locative singular of ծնունդ (cnund)
    տուընջեանtuənǰean — genitive/dative/locative singular of տիւ (tiw)

ReferencesEdit

  • Robert Godel (1975), An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 106–107