Last modified on 19 July 2014, at 11:27

DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From various suffixes of the Middle Dutch adjective inflection.

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. Used to create the inflected form of an adjective, which is used after a definite determiner, or before masculine and feminine nouns in general.

Etymology 2Edit

DutchEdit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. suffix indicating the female form of occupations or inhabitants of countries

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle Dutch -e, from Old Dutch -i, from Proto-Germanic *-į̄.

SuffixEdit

-e f

  1. (archaic) Used to form abstract nouns from adjectives; the nouns express the quality of the adjective.
    koud (cold) → koude (the cold)
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From Middle Dutch -e, the ending of the first and third person singular subjunctive.

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. (archaic) Used to form the singular subjunctive of a verb.

EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the Latin and Italian adverbial suffix -e (as in bene "well"), perhaps reinforced by the Russian adverbial -e found after a palatalized consonant.

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. -ly; used to form adverbs.
    bona ("good") + -e ("-ly"): bone ("well")
    unu ("one") + -e ("-ly"): unue ("firstly")
2. -e is the ending for correlatives of place

Derived termsEdit


FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. Used for forming nouns from verbs or adjectives.
    ottaa "to take (hold of)" -> ote "grip"
    paha "bad, evil" -> pahe "vice"
    ääntää "to pronounce, enunciate" -> äänne "sound (in phonetics)"

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


FrenchEdit

SuffixEdit

-e f

  1. Used to form the feminine of adjectives.
    fort + -e: forte

GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. used to form nouns from adjectives; the nouns express the quality of the adjective
    stark (strong) → Stärke (strength)
  2. used to form the plural of some nouns, sometimes with umlaut of the root vowel
    Laut (sound) → Laute (sounds)
    Baum (tree) → Bäume (trees)
  3. used to form the dative of masculine and neuter nouns ending in a stressed syllable (dated except in certain fixed phrases)
    das Haus (house)dem Hause / dem Haus
  4. used to form the 1st person singular present indicative and subjunctive of a verb
    gehen (geh + en) ich gehe (geh + e) / ich geh
  5. used to form the 3rd person singular present subjunctive of a verb
    gehener gehe
  6. used to form the 1st and 3rd person singular past subjunctive of a verb
    gehenich ginge, er ginge (ging + e)

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. whether, if
    Nem tudom, voltál-e már Budapesten. - I don't know if you've ever been in Budapest.
  2. Suffix for tag (yes/no) questions.
    1857, János Arany, A walesi bárdok (The Bards of Wales)
    Van-e ott folyó és földje jó? / Is there a river and is its land good?
    Legelőin fű kövér / Are the grasses rich on its meadows?
    Használt-e a megöntözés: / Was the watering useful (i.e. to the meadows):
    A pártos honfivér? / The rebel's blood?
Usage notesEdit

Always written with a hyphen. Used in tag (yes/no) questions, but not all such questions use -e: in most cases a question is indicated only by emphasis and question mark. Always attached to the main word (usually the verb) of the predicate of the phrase.

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. his, her, its (third-person singular possessive suffix denoting singular possession)
    élet (life) → az élete (his/her/its life)
Usage notesEdit
  • (possessive suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -a is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -e is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ja is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -je is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.

See alsoEdit


IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Esperanto -e, from Latin .

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. -ly; used to form suffixes

Usage notesEdit

Any adjective can be converted into an adverb by swapping the -a suffix by -e.


ItalianEdit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. Used with a stem to form the third-person present of regular -ere verbs and those -ire verbs that don't take "isco"

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

-e

  1. rōmaji reading of

LatinEdit

SuffixEdit

(comparative -ius, superlative -issimē)

  1. -ly; used to form adverbs from adjectives.

Usage notesEdit

The suffix -e is usually added to a first/second-declension adjective stem to form an adverb of manner.

Examples:
clare (famously, clearly), from clarus (famous, clear)
pulchre (beautifully), from pulcher (beautiful)

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit


LatvianEdit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. Used to derive feminine nouns from masculine nouns (like English -ess).
  2. Used to form (feminine) nouns from verb stems (e.g, iestādīt -> iestāde, skatīt -> skate).

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Femine suffixes that include -e:

Derived termsEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch -i, from Proto-Germanic *-į̄.

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. Used to form abstract nouns from adjectives, mostly those expressing physical properties.

Usage notesEdit

This suffix originally triggered umlaut of the root vowel. This is seen in some words (kelde, from cout), but not in others (coude).

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Category Middle Dutch words suffixed with -e not found

DescendantsEdit

  • Dutch: -e

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From West Germanic *, from Proto-Germanic *-ê, which survives otherwise only in Gothic (and possibly Old Norse).

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. forming adverbs from adjectives; -ly

Derived termsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Latin -a.

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. used to form feminine forms of nouns and adjectives

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle French: -e
    • French: -e

RomanianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin -ae (first-declension ending)

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. (plural) -s (feminine/neuter)
Usage notesEdit
  • This form of the plural is indefinite, and used for feminine nouns in the nominative/accusative and genitive/dative cases which end in , and some neuter nouns (with may or may not take plural -uri):
  • mame, from mamă, fem.
  • vise (also visuri), from vis, neut.
Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Possibly from Latin -e (second-declension vocative ending)

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. Vocative singular (masculine/neuter)
Oh!
Usage notesEdit
  • This suffixed used with masculine and neuter definite nouns in -l and -ul:
bărbatule!, from bărbatul, masc.
tatăle!, from tatăl, masc.
visule!, from visul, neut.
  • This suffix is absorbed in masculine and neuter definite nouns in -le:
fratele!, from fratele, masc.
numele!, from numele, neut.
Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Latin -ere, the ending of the present active infinitive form of third conjugation verbs. Cognate with Spanish -er, Italian -ere, etc.

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. A suffix forming infinitives of many verbs.
Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *-ę.

SuffixEdit

-e (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a neuter noun, usually denoting a young animal, plant, place name or is used as a collective noun.
Derived termsEdit
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-e (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. Suffix appended to the truncated stem (up to the second syllable) of a proper name to create a masculine or feminine hypocoristic.
    KatarínaKáte
    MàrijaMáre
    JȕrājJúre
    MàtijaMáte

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Slavic *-e, from Proto-Indo-European *-e, not a desinence per se but a thematic vowel in e-grade.

SuffixEdit

-e (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. Suffix appended to the nominal stem to create vocative singular. Used for masculine and neuter a-stems.
    vȗkvȗče (vocative singular)

See alsoEdit


SwedishEdit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. Conjugates verbs into the subjunctive mood (archaic except for the past subjunctive of vara: vore)
  2. Marker of definiteness on past participles ending in -ad
  3. Marker of plural on past participles ending in -ad
  4. Marker of definiteness on superlatives ending in -ast
  5. Marker of definiteness on adjectives describing nouns with masculine semantic gender (sex)

TurkishEdit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. to (It makes the word dative form)

Alternative formsEdit