- Forming nouns from nouns and adjectives with the sense of ‘person or thing connected or involved with, belonging to, having’
- Forming nouns from verbs with the sense of ‘person or thing which does’
From Vulgar Latin -idiāre, -izāre, which was formed after Ancient Greek -ίζειν (-izein), whence also Spanish -izar (re-borrowed from Latin later), Catalan -ejar, French -oyer, Italian -eggiare, Occitan -ejar Romanian -ez, Portuguese -ear.
- forms verbs from adjectives and nouns, equivalent to English -ize
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