Last modified on 23 April 2015, at 11:04

-em

BislamaEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

English him, 'em

SuffixEdit

-em

  1. Indicates a transitive verb
    • 2008, Miriam Meyerhoff, Social lives in language--sociolinguistics and multilingual speech[1], ISBN 978-90-272-1863-6, page 344:
      Bang i wantem mi faen from mi ovaspen.

Usage notesEdit

The suffix to be used is determined by vowel harmony. If the last vowel in the stem is a, e, or o (or a diphthong ending in one of those), then the suffix is -em. Otherwise, use -im or -um.


HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-em

  1. (personal suffix, indefinite conjugation) Used to form the first-person singular present tense of -ik verbs (indicative mood, indefinite conjugation).
    eszik (to eat) → eszem (I eat, I am eating)
  2. (personal suffix, definite conjugation) Used to form the first-person singular present tense of verbs (indicative mood, definite conjugation).
    ért (to understand) → értem (I understand)
  3. (possessive suffix) my (first-person singular, single possession)
    kert (garden) → a kertem (my garden)
  4. (noun suffix) Added to a noun or a verb to form a noun.
    jel (sign) → jellem (character)
    szél (wind) → szellem (ghost, spirit)
    illik (to suit, to be proper) → illem (good manners, proper behaviour)

DeclensionEdit

(possessive suffix):

(noun suffix):

Usage notesEdit

  • (personal suffix) Variants:
    -ok is added to back vowel verbs
    -ek is added to unrounded front vowel verbs
    -ök is added to rounded front vowel verbs
    -om is added to back vowel -ik verbs
    -em is added to unrounded front vowel -ik verbs
    -öm is added to rounded front vowel -ik verbs
  • (personal suffix, definite conjugation) Variants:
    -om is added to back vowel verbs
    -em is added to unrounded front vowel verbs
    -öm is added to rounded front vowel verbs
  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -m is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -om is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -am is added to other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -em is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öm is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (noun suffix) A final single l may become long ll. Variants:
    -am is added to back vowel words
    -em is added to front vowel words

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

See -ēs (suffix forming third-declension feminine abstract nouns).

SuffixEdit

-em f

  1. accusative singular of -ēs

Etymology 2Edit

See -ō³ (suffix forming regular first-conjugation verbs).

SuffixEdit

-em

  1. first-person singular present active subjunctive of

PijinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

English him, 'em

SuffixEdit

-em

  1. Indicates a transitive verb

Usage notesEdit

The suffix to be used is determined by vowel harmony. If the last vowel in the stem is a, e, or o (or a diphthong ending in one of those), then the suffix is -em. Otherwise, use -im or -um.


VolapükEdit

SuffixEdit

-em

  1. An inanimate collective morpheme for a group of things

Derived termsEdit