Last modified on 11 February 2015, at 17:14

-ik

See also: ik

AbenakiEdit

SuffixEdit

-ik

  1. A suffix used to form the plurals of some animate words.

Usage notesEdit

  • Often used to form the plurals of words (especially nouns denoting people who have particular occupations or activities) which end in the consonant d or t (which causes the d or t to mutate into j: nodabônkad, "baker" → nodabônkajik, "bakers"); only rarely used to form the plurals of words ending in other letters (nodkwaag, notkwahag, "pilot" → nodkwaagik, notkwahagik, "pilots").
  • See the usage notes at -ak.

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Adjective suffix.

SuffixEdit

-ik

  1. (adjective suffix) Specifies which one of a specific set of things/persons. Used with adjectives. See usage notes below.
    rosszabb (worse) → a rosszabbik (the worse one)
    más (different) - másik (another one) - a másik (“the other one”)
    A nagyobbik szobában Péter lakik. - In the bigger room lives Peter. (of a specific set of rooms)
Usage notesEdit
  • (adjective suffix) The -ik creates a determining adjective from a comparative adjective so it will answer to the question melyik? (which?). In a few cases it takes not a comparative but a basic adjective, which already incorporates the idea of comparison (e.g. más (different)). It is very often used with a definite article (a/az; "the").

Etymology 2Edit

Possessive suffix.

SuffixEdit

-ik

  1. (possessive suffix) their ...-s (third-person plural, multiple possessions)
    kapu (gate) → a kapuik (their gates)
Usage notesEdit
  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -ik is added to words ending in a vowel except -i. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -aik is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -eik is added to some front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -jaik is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant or the vowel -i
    -jeik is added to some front vowel words ending in a consonant or the vowel -i

Etymology 2Edit

Personal suffix.

SuffixEdit

-ik

  1. (personal suffix) The ending of a large group of passive/reflexive verbs in third-person singular present tense (indefinite conjugation). This is also the lemma form of these verbs.
    Sokat utazik. - He travels a lot.
  2. (personal suffix) Used to form the third-person plural present tense of verbs (definite conjugation).
    néz (to look) → Nézik a tévét. - They are watching the television.
Usage notesEdit
  • (personal suffix, definite conjugation) See harmonic variants in the table below.
Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-ikъ.

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-ik m

  1. Forms diminutive nouns.

DeclensionEdit

(personal nouns)

(other nouns)

Derived termsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-ikъ.

SuffixEdit

-ik (Cyrillic spelling -ик)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession, performer, place, object, tool or a feature.

See alsoEdit


VolapükEdit

SuffixEdit

-ik

  1. Used to form adjectives and determiners.