Last modified on 5 April 2014, at 19:23
See also: lla

FinnishEdit

SuffixEdit

-lla (front vowel harmony variant -llä)

  1. Case suffix of the adessive case. Adessive is used in Finnish:
    1. to indicate position being on top of something, often equivalent to English "on"
      Pullo on pöydällä.
      The bottle is on the table.
    2. to indicate whereabouts, often equivalent to English "at"
      Olen huomenna toimistolla.
      I'll be at the office tomorrow.
    3. with the verb olla (to be, to have) to indicate ownership
      Minulla on kaunis talo.
      I have a beautiful house.
    4. with the verb olla (to be, to have) to describe feelings and sensations
      Minulla on nälkä.
      I'm hungry.
    5. to indicate instruments, often equivalent to English "with"
      Syön veitsellä ja haarukalla.
      I eat with a knife and fork.
    6. to indicate being with something, used mostly about food and drinks
      Kuppi kahvia kermalla.
      A cup of coffee with cream.

Usage notesEdit

  • The case suffix is suffixed to the genitive stem.

See alsoEdit

  • -lle (allative case)
  • -lta (ablative case)

SuffixEdit

-lla (front vowel harmony variant -llä)

  1. Forms frequentative verbs. The resulting verb often describes a more or less leisurely or long-lasting activity, or an activity that is not overly goal-oriented. Sometimes the logic is not obvious, though. An adaptive sound is required between the stem of the verb and the suffix, e.g. -e-, -i-, -eske-.
    käsittää (to grasp, understand) -> käsitellä (to handle, process)
    muistaa (to remember) -> muistella (to think back, commemorate)
    nostaa (to lift) -> nostella (to lift repeatedly)
    ostaa (to buy) -> ostella (to shop)
    rakastaa (to love) -> rakastella (to make love)
    savuttaa (to smoke, to produce smoke) -> savutella (to smoke, to consume tobacco)
    salata (to keep secret) -> salailla (to be secretive)
    purra (to bite) -> pureskella (to chew)
  2. Forms action verbs which denote an activity closely related with a noun.
    auto (car) -> autoilla (to drive a car)
    maja (hut) -> majailla (to stay temporarily)
    pallo (ball) -> palloilla (to play a ballgame)

Usage notesEdit