Last modified on 5 April 2014, at 19:02

-nen

See also: nen

FinnishEdit

SuffixEdit

-nen

  1. Forms diminutives nouns or terms expressing affection.
    lapsi (child) → lapsonen (kid)
    pala (piece) → palanen (small piece)
    kulta (gold) → kultanen (darling)
    tuuli (wind) → tuulonen (gentle wind, breeze)
    Ukko (the God of Thunder) → ukkonen (thunder)
  2. Forms surnames of association, by now devoid of meaning. Can be translated as "of", the genitive case.
    virta (river) → Virtanen (River's)

DeclensionEdit

Back vowel harmony declension (includes vowels a, o, u)

Front vowel harmony declension (includes vowels ä, ö, y)

Usage notesEdit

  • Surnames ending in -nen were first recorded in Savo and Karelia in early 16th century, affixed to nicknames ( Korhonen) and vernacular forms of given names (Heikkinen). In the 19th century surnames were required of all Finns, and many new names were created by adding -nen to topographic terms (Ahonen) and to words describing natural phenomena (Aaltonen).
  • 38 % of Finns had a surname ending in -nen in 1985.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

-nen

  1. rōmaji reading of ねん