Last modified on 22 November 2014, at 07:06

-tio

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *-tyen-, from *-ti- + Proto-Indo-European *-yen-.[1] The suffix *-ti- is also contained in Proto-Indo-European *-tis.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-tiō f (genitive -tiōnis); third declension

  1. -tion, -ation, -ing; used to form a noun relating to some action.

Usage notesEdit

The suffix -tiō is added to the supine form of a verb to create a third-declension noun naming the verb's action or the result of that action.

Examples:
dictātiō (a dictating, dictation), from dictātum, supine of dictō (I dictate)
quadripartītiō (a division into four parts), from quadripartītum, supine of quadripartiō (I divide in four parts)

The suffix is occasionally added to other parts of speech, or appears in situations where no related verb apparently exists.

gradātiō (making of a staircase or steps), from gradus (step, pace).
mentiō (a mention), from mēns (mind, disposition)

InflectionEdit

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative -tiō -tiōnēs
genitive -tiōnis -tiōnum
dative -tiōnī -tiōnibus
accusative -tiōnem -tiōnēs
ablative -tiōne -tiōnibus
vocative -tiō -tiōnēs

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jean Haudry, L'indo-européen; page 55/56