Last modified on 23 March 2015, at 03:18


Classical NahuatlEdit




  1. (added to nouns) -ness, -ity, -hood, -ship, -ism, -ry; forms abstract nouns.
    tahtli (father) → tahyōtl (paternity, fatherhood)
    tepitōn (something small) → tepitōnyōtl (smallness)
    tōltēcatl (artisan) → tōltēcayōtl (artisanry)
  2. (added to nouns) forms concrete nouns with senses extended from the original.
    ācatl (cane)→ ācayōtl (piping)
    iztatl (salt) → iztayōtl (brine)
    yāōtl (enemy) → yāōyōtl (war, warfare)

Usage notesEdit

This particle undergoes progressive assimilation (where a consonantal sound assimilates into the one that precedes it) in certain situations:

Derived termsEdit


  • 2001, James Lockhart, Nahuatl as Written: Lessons in Older Written Nahuatl, with Copious Examples and Texts, Stanford University Press, page 242: