- (added to nouns) forms concrete nouns with senses extended from the original.
The spelling of the particle changes in some situations:
- After ch it becomes -chōtl
- After l it becomes -lōtl
- After z it becomes -zōtl
- 2001, James Lockhart, Nahuatl as Written: Lessons in Older Written Nahuatl, with Copious Examples and Texts, Stanford University Press, page 242: