Last modified on 4 August 2014, at 16:59

Appendix:Lower Sorbian pronunciation

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Lower Sorbian pronunciations in Wiktionary entries.

Consonants
IPA Examples Nearest English approximation
b baba booty
biś, bjachaŕ beauty
ç nicht huge
ɕ śamny, wobraź, pišćaŕ sheet
d dawaś do
d͡z łdza adze
d͡ʑ rozěliś jeans
d͡ʒ ła June
f faraŕ, archiw fool
figa, šefje fuel
ɡ gano goon
ɡʲ ginuś, gjarnc ambiguity
h hela have
j jajo, sajźaś, wjacor you
k kazaś, rog coop
kisały, kjarl cute
l lampa lamp
lipa million
m mama moot
mica, mjasec mute
n nan no
niski, njamam, mań onion
ŋ kanka, bengel long
ŋʲ śańki avuncular
p papa, zub pooh
piś, pjas pew
r rada rude but trilled; also [ʁ] as in German rot
rigotaś, rjeśaz, keŕ read but tapped; also [ʁ] as in German rot
s sam, raz soup
ʃ šantk, kaž shoot
t tam, kład time
t͡ɕ sćěna, asaś, góz cheese
t͡s cakaś cats
t͡ʃ čaj, awa choose
wina, wjedro view
w łapiś, kisałe, słowo, wariś, barwa, wałma, sławny was
x chach No common English equivalent; Scots loch or Yinglish chutzpah
z zabyś zoo
ʑ źaseś No common English equivalent; like the s of measure but palatalized
ʒ žaba measure
Vowels
IPA Examples Nearest English approximation
a nan father
e dej, jeleń, wójna, měj gate
ɛ derje, góla, sobota, na źěło wet
i lipa bee
iɪ̯ něga see it but contracted into a single syllable
ɨ góla, šyroki No common English equivalent; like bit but with the tongue retracted
o rowny, šołta goat
ɔ togodla bought
u ruka you
Supersegmentals
IPA Explanation
ˈ Primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable), for example internat [intɛrˈnat]

ReferencesEdit

  • Starosta, Manfred (1999). Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik – Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch, pp. 15–21. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag. ISBN 3-7420-1096-4.