Appendix:Proto-Germanic/-gaz

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This entry contains Proto-Germanic reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *-kos, *-ḱos. Cognates include Latin -icus, Ancient Greek -ικός (-ikos), Sanskrit शस (-śas), कस (-kas) and Old Church Slavonic -ъkъ (ŭkŭ).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

*-gaz

  1. -y; forms adjectives from nouns and verbs with a sense of 'being, having, or doing'.

DeclensionEdit


Usage notesEdit

This suffix is attached to the full stem of the preceding word, creating the variants *-agaz (for a-stems), *-īgaz (for i-stems), *-ugaz (for u-stems) and so on.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Old English: -eġ, -iġ
    • English: -y
  • Old Frisian: -ich
    • Saterland Frisian: -ich
    • West Frisian: -ich
  • Old Saxon: -ag, -ig
  • Old Dutch: *-ag, -ig
    • Middle Dutch: -ich, -ech
  • Old High German: -ag, -ig
  • Old Norse: -agr, -igr, -ugr
    • Icelandic: -agur, -igur, -ugur
    • Faroese: -agur, -igur, -ugur
    • Norwegian: -ag, -ig, -ug
    • Swedish: -ig
    • Danish: -ig
  • Gothic: -𐌴𐌹𐌲𐍃 (-eigs), -𐌰𐌲𐍃 (-ags), -𐌰𐌷𐍃 (-ahs), -𐌿𐌲𐍃 (-ugs)
Last modified on 20 October 2013, at 00:25