Last modified on 30 June 2014, at 06:02

Appendix:Proto-Germanic/beuną

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This entry contains Proto-Germanic reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰew- (to grow, become, come into being, appear). Cognate with Latin fuī (have been, verb), Latin futūrus (becoming, imminent, future).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

*beuną

  1. to be
  2. to become

ConjugationEdit

This verb is suppletive. The past is declined with the strong class 5 stem wes-, the remainder with an irregular stem beu-.

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

In each of these descendants, only certain forms remain as part of a larger paradigm. Only the forms with initial b- descend from this verb.

  • Old English: bēon (all present tense forms)
  • Old Frisian: wesa (bim, bist)
    • West Frisian: wêze (bin, bist)
  • Old Saxon: wesan (bium, bis(t))
  • Old Dutch: wesan (bim, bis(t))
  • Old High German: wesan (bim, bis(t))
    • German: sein (bin, bist)
    • Luxembourgish: sinn (bass)
    • Yiddish: זײַן (zayn) (בין bin, ביסט bist)