Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/h₂ṓws

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This entry contains Proto-Indo-European reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Originally a root noun or an s-stem derived from *h₂ew- (to see) with a semantic shift to "to hear" after the split of Anatolian branch.

ReconstructionEdit

The initial laryngeal must be *h₂ to account for Latin forms auris, aus-cultō, which must reflect e-grade *h₂ews-.

NounEdit

*h₂ṓws

  1. ear

DeclensionEdit

This entry needs an inflection-table template.

  • Acrostatic singular, amphikinetic plural
  • Nominative: *h₂óws-s > *h₂ṓws
  • Genitive: *h₂éws-s > *h₂ḗws, or *h₂usós
  • Dual: *h₂(e)usih₁
  • Collective plural: *h₂éw(s)ōs, genitive *h₂u(s)-s-és

DescendantsEdit

  • Albanian: vesh
  • Armenian:
  • Balto-Slavic: *auš-
    • Latvian: auss
    • Lithuanian: ausis
    • Old Prussian: āusins
    • Slavic: *uxo
  • Celtic:
    • Old Irish: au
      • Middle Irish: ó
  • Germanic: *ausô
  • Hellenic:
  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Indo-Aryan:
      • Sanskrit: उसि (usi)
    • Iranian:
      • Avestan: [script?] du (uši)
      • Kurdish: hiş
      • Manichaean Middle Persian: [script?] (hōš)
      • Middle Persian: ʾwš (ōš)
      • → Old Armenian: ուշ ()
  • Italic:
    • Latin: auris, auricula (diminutive) (See there for further descendants.)

ReferencesEdit

Last modified on 16 March 2014, at 14:41