Last modified on 4 November 2014, at 20:43

Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/h₃ésth₁

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

ReconstructionEdit

The original form was a neuter root noun, as can be seen from Latin os and Avestan [script needed] (ast-). In the rest of the daughters, the noun has been transferred to various vocalic stems.

Medial -th- in Sanskrit अस्थि (ásthi) requires root of the form *HestH (the initial laryngeal is there to account for the canonical shape of Proto-Indo-European root). Latin reflex requires initial laryngeal to be *h₃, and Ancient Greek ὀστέον (ostéon) points to *h₁ as the root-final laryngeal.

Celtic forms require initial laryngeal to be #h₂-, so this noun is sometimes[1] reconstructed to have paradigm *h₂óst(h₁) ~ *h₂ést(h₁)s.

NounEdit

*h₃ésth₁ or *h₂óst(h₁) or *h₂ést(h₁) n

  1. bone

DeclensionEdit

Acrostatic ablauting paradigm.

This entry needs an inflection-table template.

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Steinbauer and Schrijver

ReferencesEdit