Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/lewk-

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains Proto-Indo-European reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*lewk-

  1. bright
  2. to shine
  3. to see

DescendantsEdit

with e-grade:

with o-grade:

  • from *lówk-os:
    • Latin: lūcus
    • Lithuanian: laũkas “field, open space”
    • Latvian: lauks "field"
    • Proto-Germanic: *lauhaz
    • Sanskrit: [script?] (lōkaḥ) “free space”
  • Old Church Slavonic: лоуча (luča) 'ray' from *lowk-yā
  • from *lowk-s-neh₂:

with zero-grade:

  • Ancient Greek λύχνος (lúkhnos) from *luk-s-nos

unsorted:

  • Anatolian:
    • Hittite: [script?] (luk(k)-)
  • Armenian:
  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Indo-Aryan:
    • Iranian:
      • Avestan: [script?] (raočant-)[script?] ("shining"), 𐬭𐬀𐬊𐬗𐬀𐬵 (raočah) ("light; day")
      • Baluchi: روچ (rōč) ("sun; day")
      • Kurdish:
        • Kurmanji: roj ("sun; day"), ron ("bright")
        • Sorani: ڕۆژ (řoj) ("day")
      • Middle Persian: 𐭩𐭥𐭬 (rōč, rōz) ("day")
  • Italic:
    • Latin: lūx (see there for further descendants), luceō (possibly from *lowk-eyo-)
  • Celtic:
    • Gaulish: leux
    • Old Irish: luchair ("shine")
    • Welsh: llug ("shimmer")
  • Slavic: *lučь
  • Tocharian:
Last modified on 3 January 2014, at 08:26