Last modified on 13 October 2014, at 22:44

Appendix:Proto-Slavic/-ьcь

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *-ikos. Comparison with other languages points to the antiquity of denominal formations, which are most likely substantivized adjectives.[1] Cognate with Ancient Greek -ικος (-ikos) (adjectival, corresponding semantically to *-ьnъ, the adjectival equivalent of *-ьcь).

SuffixEdit

*-ьcь m

  1. Denominal, forming diminutives.
    *rogъ (horn) → *rožьcь (a small horn)
    *obvolkъ (cloud) → *obvolčьcь (a small cloud)
    *gordъ (city, town) → *gordьcь (a small town)
  2. Deadjectival, denoting persons having the specified property.
    *bordatъ (bearded) → *bordatьcь (a bearded man)
    *starъ (old) → *starьcь (an old man)
    *mǫdrъ (wise) → *mǫdrьcь (a wise man)
  3. Deverbal (from the stem), forming agent nouns.
    *plęsati (to dance) → *plęsьcь (dancer)
    *loviti (to hunt) → *lovьcь (hunter)
    *gǫdti > *gǫsti (to play a string instrument) → *godьcь (musician)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ^ Brugmann, Karl. (21916) Grundriss der vergleichenden Grammatik der indogermanischen Sprachen: II. Lehre von den Wortformen und ihrem Gebrauch, 1. Allgemeines, Zusammensetzung (Komposita), Nominalstämme. Strassburg., pp. 487–491