Appendix:Proto-Slavic/a

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This entry contains Proto-Slavic reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic . Cognate with Latgalian a and Lithuanian õ (and; but).

Circumflex on Lithuanian õ indicates a Proto-Indo-European long vowel (i.e. a lengthened grade) as the origin, as opposed to the short *e or *o with followed by a laryngeal.

According to the usual doctrine[1], the initial form was *h₁ōd, ablative singular of the PIE demonstrative pronoun *éy, h₁e. However, that demonstrative has no such ablative singular attested in any of the daughter languages, so that hypothesis remains unprovable.

The same PIE proto-form could have also yielded Sanskrit आत् (ā́t, so, then, afterwards) and Avestan 𐬁𐬀𐬝 (āat̰) ("afterwards, then").

ConjunctionEdit

*a

  1. but
  2. and

DescendantsEdit

  • East Slavic:
    • Belarusian: а (a)
    • Russian: а (a)
    • Ukrainian: а (a)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Cyrillic: а (a)
      Glagolitic: (a)
    • Bulgarian: а (a)
    • Macedonian: а (a)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic: а
      Roman: a
    • Slovene: a
  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: a
    • Polish: a
    • Slovak: a
    • Sorbian:
      • Lower Sorbian: a

NotesEdit

  1. ^ E.g. Derksen 2008:25

ReferencesEdit

Last modified on 30 August 2013, at 13:15